The First Conditional Quiz
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When we are thinking about a possible situation in the future, we use:
If + verb (present simple), will + verb (infinitive without to)
This is used when talking about likely events in the present or future. These may include possible plans, promises, warnings, threats or for persuading someone. We use it to indicate a likely result if a condition is fulfilled.
The most common form is 'if + Simple Present, Will / Won't ...'
- If we go to Paris on holiday, we'll visit the Eiffel Tower
- If I have time, I will go to the shop.
- If you touch that, you will get hurt.
- If you take me shopping, I'll buy you a present.
- If she goes to university, her parents will be happy.
- If it rains, we will stay at home and watch TV..
- If he becomes Prime Minister, the country they will lose the next election.
- If you eat my cake, you'll be sorry.
Note: When the conditional clause comes first we use a comma before the result clause.
We can also reverse the order and use:
Will + verb (infinitive without to)+ if + verb (present simple)
- I will be angry if they don't come.
- You will get a good job if you speak English well.
- You will miss the train if you don't run.
- The dog will bite you if you go near it. It's dangerous.
- Your boss will be angry if you don't finish before 5.00.
- What will you do if they don't hire you?
- You will feel better if you takethese tablets.
We do not use a comma between the clauses with this word order.
Modal Verbs in First Conditional
Normally WILL is used in the main clause of first conditional sentences. However you can also use the modal verbs MAY, MIGHT and COULD when something is a possible consequence (and not a certain one) in the future.
- If you are nice to me, I may buy you a gift when I'm in Peru.
- If they train a little harder, they might win the match.
- If he doesn't do his work, he could get fired.
Using will or would in the conditional clause.
Most of the time we do NOT use will or would in the conditional clause (the if part of the sentence). However there are times when it is allowed.
When we are making a polite request.
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